Review : The comparative study of empathy: sympathetic concern and empathic perspective-taking in non-human animals
  • 1
  • Auteurs
    Ana Perez-Manrique et Antoni Gomila
  • Année de publication
  • Journal
    Biological reviews
  • Abstract (dans sa langue originale)

    While empathy is a century-old psychological concept, its study in non-human animals has become the focus of much
    recent scientific interest, as it promises to provide the clues to understand the evolutionary origins of our social and moral
    nature. A review of the comparative study of empathy is thus timely to complement and constrain anthropocentric
    views, and to integrate current findings. However, this is not an easy task. The study of animal empathy has developed
    using different paradigms, different concepts of the phenomena involved, and the absence of a systematic program.
    Herein, we carry out a comprehensive review of the literature on complex forms of empathy in non-human animals:
    sympathetic concern and empathic perspective-taking. In particular, we focus on consolation and targeted helping, as
    the best examples of each category. In so doing, we try to shed light on the current debate concerning whether these
    phenomena are exclusively human traits. First, we try to clarify the terminology and taxonomy of forms of empathy,
    providing operative criteria for these phenomena that are applicable to both human and non-human animals. Second,
    we discuss whether the available evidence qualifies such behaviour as empathic. Third, we aim to provide an integrative
    view of the field, clarifying the challenges and conditions to satisfy. We also hope to highlight the importance of the
    study of these processes for elucidating the evolutionary history of this capacity across the animal kingdom.

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  • Apparait dans la controverse
    L'empathie est-elle le moteur nécessaire de l'existence de comportements d'entraide ?
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