Titre de l'article

Consommation de bière et "ventre à bière": fait prouvé scientifiquement ou croyance commune?

Ce que cet article apporte au débat

Les auteurs montrent que la bière fait augmenter globalement la masse graisseuse (et fait donc bien grossir), mais qu'il n'y a pas de "ventre à bière", c'est-à-dire que la bière n'augmente pas la masse graisseuse d'une manière spécifique comme s'il y avait un compartiment dans le ventre qui stockait spécifiquement le gras issu de la bière.

Publiée il y a plus de 5 ans par N. Clairis.
Dernière modification il y a plus de 5 ans.
Article : Beer consumption and the ‘beer belly’: scientific basis or common belief?
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  • Auteurs
    M Schütze, M Schulz, A Steffen, M M Bergmann, A Kroke, L Lissner, H Boeing
  • Année de publication
    2009
  • Journal
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
  • Abstract (dans sa langue originale)

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:

    The term 'beer belly' expresses the common belief that beer consumption is a major determinant of waist circumference (WC). We studied the gender-specific associations between beer consumption and WC (partially in relation to body weight and hip circumference (HC) change).
    PARTICIPANTS/METHODS:

    Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam study (7876 men, 12 749 women), cross-sectional associations were investigated applying general linear models. Prospective analyses of baseline beer consumption and an 8.5-year WC change were assessed using multivariate general linear models and polytomous logistic regression. To test the site-specific effect of beer consumption on WC, an adjustment for concurrent changes in body weight and HC was carried out. In addition, the relationship between change in beer consumption and change in WC was studied.
    RESULTS:

    A positive association in men and no association in women were seen between beer consumption and WC at baseline. Men consuming 1000 ml/d beer were at 17% higher risk for WC gain compared with very light consumers. Significantly lower odds for WC gain (odds ratio=0.88; 95% confidence interval 0.81, 0.96) were found in beer-abstaining women than in very-light-drinking women. The adjustment for concurrent body weight and HC change diminished effect estimates notably, explaining most of the association between beer and change in WC. Decreasing beer consumption was related to higher relative odds for WC loss, although not statistically significant.
    CONCLUSIONS:

    Beer consumption leads to WC gain, which is closely related to concurrent overall weight gain. This study does not support the common belief of a site-specific effect of beer on the abdomen, the beer belly.

  • Identifiant unique
    10.1038/ejcn.2009.39
  • Accès libre
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  • Apparait dans la controverse
    La bière fait-elle grossir ?
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